far as possible given their common dependence on the people. . In a representative democracy it is not only important to guard against the oppression of rulers, it is equally important to guard against the injustice which may be inflicted by certain citizens or groups. Summary Written by Donald Mellon, federalist Papers Summaries Index Page. But this cannot apply to the judiciary because judges must be chosen for their qualifications and they will be chosen for a permanent tenure, thus they should be chosen by the mode that selects the best candidates. . This "solution" is dangerous because such a government might throw how do i say essay in japanese its power behind a group in society working against the public good. Each branch should be, in Madison's opinion, mostly independent. He wanted to avoid a situation in which any one group controlled the decisions of a society. Even though the people surrender their power to the governments, a double security to their rights results from having a federal republican government divided into separate departments and State governments similarly divided and by having each controlled by the other and at the same time. What is most unusual about Madison, in contrast to the other delegates, is the degree to which he thought about the principles behind the institutions he preferred. C: The Great Difficulty of Founding: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself. Where Hamilton saw the corporate spirit of the several states as poisonous to the union, Madison was aware that the preservation of the state governments could serve the cause of both liberty and union.
But it is not possible to give each department an equal power of self defense. . When all of these departments were in the same hands, "whether of one, a few or many, or whether hereditary, self appointed, or elective that was the "very definition of tyranny." Critics of the Constitution contended that under it the separation of powers was vague. In a republic of a considerable extent society itself will be broken into so many parts, interests and classes of citizens that the rights of individuals or of the minority will be in little danger from interested combinations of the majority. . Because of the division of power, a "double security arises to the rights of the people. In particular, the judicial branch would suffer because the average person is not aware of the qualifications judges should possess. Federalist #51 is the last of 15 essays written by Madison on the great difficulty of founding. This policy of supplying, by opposite and rival interests, the defect of better motives, might be traced through the whole system of human affairs, private as well as public.
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